Payroll and HR
Administration in Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan – Payroll and HR administration services
Hiring and onboarding employees in Turkmenistan
Onboarding ProcessThe start of employment shall be formalized by an internal order of the employer issued based on the official request of the person entering the work. The employer issues the internal order following the singing of an employment contract between parties under the Labor Code. The internal order shall be announced to the employee on receipt within three days.
Probation PeriodA trial period may be established upon the conclusion of an employment contract. The trial period should not exceed three months, and for managers and executives – six months.
Health and SafetyCompanies can request medical check-ups from an employee. The employer cannot receive the criminal records or credit records from third party sources, only from an employee or by its written consent.
Work permits and Visas in Turkmenistan
Visa TypesThere are following Visas available to visit Turkmenistan:
Work PermitConditions and procedure for issuing work permits in Turkmenistan:
Working hours and leaves in Turkmenistan
Working hours and overtimeThe standard workday in Turkmenistan is 8 hours, and the standard workweek is five days/40 hours. For some category of workers, the work hours are shorter, for example, employees under the age of 18 years old, pregnant women, and people with disabilities.
Vacation leaveThe paid annual vacation leave is 30 calendar days and must be provided to all employees. For the following categories of employees, duration of annual vacation should be at minimum 45 calendar days:
Sick leaveSick leave compensation is granted according to the documents that confirm temporary disability. The records are obtained from the medical institutions of Turkmenistan.
Maternity and paternity leaveMaternity leave is provided for at least 112 calendar days and consists of leave before childbirth and after childbirth for 56 calendar days each. In preterm birth, the established duration of leave before delivery does not change.
Holidays Turkmenistan in 2020
Remuneration & Benefits in Turkmenistan
Employee termination and severance in Turkmenistan
Notice periodThe notice period is two months. The notice letter shall contain the base for termination.
Severance paymentSeverance payment of two months’ salary is paid if the reason for the termination is two months.
Payroll related taxes in Turkmenistan
Employee taxesAn employee is paying personal income tax from his/her gross salary in the amount of 10% with TMT 50 of the untaxed amount. The social payments consist of the State Savings Fund of TMT 2 and the Voluntary Pension Insurance Fund of 2% Exteriors are paying only 10% of income tax.
An employer is paying 20% of social security contribution to the gross salary. No social security is paid on the ex-pats working in Turkmenistan.